Initiation to Linguistics Syllabus                          


Teaching Unit


Coefficient:  1

Credit: 2

Level: First year


Weekly time:


Aims and Objectives:

ü  Helping students to know the nature, structure and history of human language.

ü  Developing the students’ knowledge on the major linguistic theories.

ü  Introducing the students to different structures of different languages and dialects.

ü  Acquaint students with the different aspects of language and how they can be studied.

ü  Teach students some of the tools and techniques used in the analysis of language and to develop their reasoning abilities by the application of these tools

ü  Expose students to a field that seeks to discover what a person’s linguistic capacity consists of, how it arises in children, how it functions in speaking and listening, how it relates to other cognitive capacities, how it can be investigated by various methods including those of society, experimental psychology, neuroscience and computer science;

Learning Outcomes:

–          Students can draw a background about linguistic studies. and its theories.

–          Acquire the technical vocabulary and theoretical tools of the field, necessary to read published linguistic research.

–          Students will be able to collect, organize and analyze linguistic data from diverse languages, to form hypotheses about language structure/use and to test those hypotheses against new data.

–          Students can develop knowledge on how to apply different tools and techniques used in the analysis of language.


ü  Born, R. (2005). Leonard Bloomfield. In P. Strazny (Ed.), Encyclopedia of linguistics (pp. 143-145). New York : Fitzroy Dearborn.

ü  Fasold, R. W., & Connor-Linton, J. (2006). An introduction to language and linguistics.Cambridge, UK: Cambridge UniversityPress.

ü  Hartmann, R. R., & Stork, F. C. (1972). Dictionary of language and linguistics. New York: Wiley.

ü  Wilkins, D. A. (1972). Linguistics in language teaching.Cambridge: MIT Press.

Course Content
First Semester
       I.            An introduction to human language.

1.      What is language?

2.      Origin of language.



    II.            Features of human language and animal communication.

 III.            Functions of human language.

1.      Vocal-auditory channel

2.      Broadcast transmission and directional reception

3.      The rapid fading of the sound wave

4.      Interchangeability in speech production

5.      Total feedback in human communication

6.      Specialization

7.      Semanticity

8.      Arbitrariness

9.      Discreteness

10.  Displacement

11.  Productivity

12.  Traditional transmission

13.  Duality of patterning


 IV.            What is linguistics?

    V.            Scope of linguistics


End of Semester I

First Examination

Second Semester
 VI.            Micro linguistics

1.      Phonetic and phonology.

2.      Morphology.

3.      Syntax.

4.      Semantic.

5.      Pragmatic.


VII.            Macro linguistics

1.      Sociolinguistics.

2.      Applied linguistics.

3.      Psycholinguistics.

4.      Discourse Analysis



VIII.            Levels of linguistic analysis

 IX.            Important distinctions in linguistics

1.      Langue and Parole

2.      Prescriptive and descriptive

3.      Synchronic and diachronic

4.      Speech and writing

5.      Competence vs performance

6.      Traditional grammar and modern linguistics


End of Semester II

Second Examination

Assessment and Evaluation
Continuous Assessment

ü  Quiz and(written assignments at class, 15/15)

ü  Attendance: 5/5

                      Final Assessment

ü  Exam 20/20